Oxfam Policy & Practice Journal Article - Visible outside, invisible inside: the power of patriarchy on female protest leaders in conflict and violence-affected settings

Even when women are prominent actors in public protests, most women are excluded from the male-dominated decision-making spaces within which negotiations occur. This article analyses the struggle for rights in a conservative and conflict-affected Hazara community in Pakistan in which women have gained prominence over time, to the extent that they are the face of the protests. This has led to changes in the nature and purpose of the struggle: from male-dominated violent protests focused on expressions of anger, to female-focused peaceful sit-ins holding the state accountable for a lack of security. However, women continue to be excluded from the spaces within the movement where decisions are made.

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