UNSCR 2331 (2016) recognizes that ‘acts of sexual and gender-based violence, including when associated to trafficking in persons, are known to be part of the strategic objectives and ideology of certain terrorist groups, used as a tactic of terrorism and an instrument to increase their finances and their power’. Boko Haram and Al-Shabaab are terrorist groups which have used human trafficking and conflict-related sexual violence as tactics of terrorism. Impact researchers analyse and (i) explain the nexus between these crimes; (ii) focus on its different manifestations in the context of these terrorist organizations; and (iii) reflect on the possibilities for national criminal prosecution. They furthermore provide suggestions to facilitate the successful prosecution of sexual terrorism in a more survivor-centric way.
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Picture: Afolabi Sotunde (Reuters)